Thursday, January 7, 2021

Elementary Science


Second grade science

A. Materials

1 Identify properties of an object

2 Compare properties of objects

3 Compare properties of materials

4 Identify materials in objects

5 Identify multiple materials in objects


B. States of matter

1 Classify matter as solid or liquid

2 Identify solids and liquids

3 Classify matter as solid, liquid, or gas

4 Identify solids, liquids, and gases

5 Sort solids, liquids, and gases


C. Changes of state

1 Change-of-state diagrams: solid and liquid

2 Change-of-state diagrams: liquid and gas

3 Change-of-state diagrams: solid, liquid, and gas

4 Heating, cooling, and changes of state: melting and freezing

5 Heating, cooling, and changes of state: vaporizing and condensing


D. Heat

1 Predict heat flow

E. Physical and chemical change

1 Identify physical and chemical changes


F. Mixtures

1 Identify mixtures 


G. Force and motion

1 Identify pushes and pulls

2 How do mass and force affect motion?

3 Compare the speeds of moving objects


H. Magnets

1 Identify magnets that attract or repel

2 Label magnets that attract or repel


I. Classification

1 Identify living and nonliving things

2 Identify plants and animals

3 Identify mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, and amphibians

4 Identify animals with and without backbones


J. Animals

1 Read animal life cycle diagrams

2 Construct animal life cycle diagrams

3 Pollinator: ruby-throated hummingbird

4 Pollinator: Indian flying fox

5 Pollinator: painted lady butterfly

6 Seed disperser: Eurasian red squirrel

7 Seed disperser: African elephant

8 Seed disperser: common ostrich

9 Body parts and their functions


K. Plants

1 Classify fruits and vegetables as plant parts

2 Identify plant parts and their functions

3 Read and construct flowering plant life cycle diagrams

4 How do flowering plants make new plants? 


L. Traits

1 Observe traits

2 Observe and compare traits

3 Introduction to adaptations


M. Rocks and minerals

1 Classify rocks and minerals by color and shape


N. Weather

1 Read a thermometer

2 Compare temperatures on thermometers


O. Earth's features

1 Water on Earth


P. Earth events

1 Classify changes to Earth's surface

2 Find evidence of changes to Earth's surface

3 Changes to Earth's surface: earthquakes

4 Changes to Earth's surface: volcanic eruptions

5 Changes to Earth's surface: erosion


Q. Units and measurement

1 Choose units of time

2 Choose customary units of distance

3 Choose metric units of distance

4 Abbreviate time and length units

5 Abbreviate mass and volume units


Third grade science

A. Materials

1 Identify properties of an object

2 Compare properties of objects

3 Compare properties of materials

4 Identify materials in objects

5 Identify multiple materials in objects


B. States of matter

1 Classify matter as solid, liquid, or gas

2 Identify solids, liquids, and gases

3 Sort solids, liquids, and gases


C. Phase change

1 Change-of-state diagrams: solid, liquid, and gas

2 Heating, cooling, and changes of state


D. Heat and thermal energy

1 Predict heat flow

2 Predict temperature changes

3 How is temperature related to thermal energy?


E. Physical and chemical change

1 Identify physical and chemical changes

2 Compare physical and chemical changes


F. Mixtures

1 Identify mixtures


G. Force and motion

1 Identify pushes and pulls

2 How do balanced and unbalanced forces affect motion?

3 How do mass and force affect motion?

4 Compare the speeds of moving objects


H. Electricity

1 Introduction to static electricity and charged objects

I. Magnets

1 Identify magnets that attract or repel

2 Label magnets that attract or repel

3 Compare strengths of magnetic forces


J. Classification

1 Identify living and nonliving things

2 Identify plants and animals

3 Identify mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, and amphibians

4 Identify vertebrates and invertebrates 


K. Animals

1 Read animal life cycle diagrams

2 Construct animal life cycle diagrams

3 Compare stages of an animal's life cycle

4 Compare different animals' life cycles

5 Benefits of group behavior: North American caribou

6 Benefits of group behavior: African wild dogs

7 Benefits of group behavior: leaf-cutter ants

8 Human organs and their functions


L. Plants

1 Classify fruits and vegetables as plant parts

2 Identify plant parts and their functions

3 How do plants make food?

4 Read and construct flowering plant life cycle diagrams

5 How do flowering plants make new plants?


M. Traits

1 Observe and compare traits

2 What affects traits? Use observations to support a hypothesis


N. Adaptations

1 Introduction to adaptations

2 Animal adaptations: beaks, mouths, and necks

3 Animal adaptations: feet and limbs

4 Animal adaptations: skins and body coverings


O. Heredity

1 Match offspring to parents using inherited traits

2 Identify inherited and acquired traits

3 Inherited and acquired traits: use evidence to support a statement

4 Read a plant pedigree chart

5 Read an animal pedigree chart


P. Ecosystems

1 Identify ecosystems

2 Describe ecosystems

3 Identify roles in food chains

4 How does matter move in food chains?

5 Interpret food webs 


Q. Rocks and minerals

1 Classify rocks and minerals by color, shape, and texture

2 Identify minerals using properties

3 Identify rocks using properties

4 Classify rocks as igneous, sedimentary, or metamorphic


R. Fossils

1 Introduction to fossils

2 Compare fossils to modern organisms

3 Compare ancient and modern organisms: use observations to support a hypothesis


S. Weather and climate

1 Read a thermometer

2 Compare temperatures on thermometers

3 Collect and graph temperature data

4 What's the difference between weather and climate?

5 Weather and climate around the world

6 Weather or climate? Cite text

7 Use climate data to make predictions

8 Use data to describe U.S. climates

9 Use data to describe world climates


T. Earth's features

1 Water on Earth


U. Earth events

1 Classify changes to Earth's surface I

2 Classify changes to Earth's surface II

3 Find evidence of changes to Earth's surface

4 Changes to Earth's surface: earthquakes

5 Changes to Earth's surface: volcanic eruptions

6 Changes to Earth's surface: erosion


V. Engineering practices

1 Solve problems using magnets

2 Evaluate multiple design solutions to prevent flooding

3 Identify the best design solution to prevent hurricane damage


W. Units and measurement

1 Choose units of time

2 Choose customary units of distance

3 Choose metric units of distance

4 Abbreviate time and length units

5 Abbreviate mass and volume units


Fourth grade science

A. Materials

1 Compare properties of objects

2 Compare properties of materials


B. Matter and mass

1 Calculate density

2 Understand conservation of matter using graphs


C. States of matter

1 Identify and sort solids, liquids, and gases

2 Change-of-state diagrams: solid, liquid, and gas

3 Heating, cooling, and changes of state


D. Heat and thermal energy

1 Predict heat flow

2 Predict temperature changes

3 How is temperature related to thermal energy?


E. Physical and chemical change

1 Identify physical and chemical changes

2 Compare physical and chemical changes


F. Mixtures

1 Identify mixtures


G. Force and motion

1 Identify directions of forces

2 How do balanced and unbalanced forces affect motion?

3 How does mass affect force and acceleration?


H. Electricity

1 Introduction to static electricity and charged objects


I. Magnets

1 Identify magnets that attract or repel

2 Label magnets that attract or repel

3 Compare strengths of magnetic forces


J. Classification

1 Identify living and nonliving things

2 Identify mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, and amphibians

3 Identify vertebrates and invertebrates

4 Use evidence to classify mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, and amphibians

5 Use evidence to classify animals

6 Describe, classify, and compare kingdoms 


K. Scientific names

1 Identify common and scientific names

2 Origins of scientific names

3 Use scientific names to classify organisms


L. Animals

1 Read and construct animal life cycle diagrams

2 Compare animal life cycles

3 Human organs and their functions

4 Body systems: circulation and respiration

5 Body systems: digestion

6 Body systems: removing waste

7 Body systems: perception and motion


M. Plants

1 Classify fruits and vegetables as plant parts

2 Identify plant parts and their functions

3 How do plants make food?

4 Identify flower parts and their functions

5 Describe and construct flowering plant life cycles

6 Describe and construct conifer life cycles


N. Adaptations

1 Introduction to adaptations

2 Animal adaptations: beaks, mouths, and necks

3 Animal adaptations: feet and limbs

4 Animal adaptations: skins and body coverings


O. Traits and heredity

1 What affects traits? Use observations to support a hypothesis

2 Match offspring to parents using inherited traits

3 Identify inherited and acquired traits

4 Inherited and acquired traits: use evidence to support a statement

5 Read a plant pedigree chart

6 Read an animal pedigree chart


P. Cells

1 Identify functions of plant cell parts

2 Identify functions of animal cell parts

3 Plant cell diagrams: identify parts

4 Animal cell diagrams: identify parts

5 Plant cell diagrams: label parts

6 Animal cell diagrams: label parts

7 Compare plant and animal cells

8 Cell part functions: true or false 


Q. Ecosystems

1 Identify ecosystems

2 Describe ecosystems

3 Identify roles in food chains

4 How does matter move in food chains?

5 Interpret food webs


R. Natural resources

1 Evaluate natural energy sources

S. Rocks and minerals

1 Identify minerals using properties

2 Identify rocks using properties

3 How do sedimentary rocks form?

4 Classify rocks as igneous, sedimentary, or metamorphic

5 How do rock layers form?


T. Fossils

1 Introduction to fossils

2 Identify and classify fossils

3 Compare fossils to modern organisms

4 Compare ancient and modern organisms: use observations to support a hypothesis

5 Interpret evidence from fossils in rock layers


U. Weather and climate

1 Read a thermometer

2 Compare temperatures on thermometers

3 Collect and graph temperature data

4 What's the difference between weather and climate?

5 Weather and climate around the world

6 Weather or climate? Cite text

7 Use climate data to make predictions

8 Use data to describe climates


V. Earth's features

1 Describe and graph water on Earth

2 Read a topographic map

3 Select parts of a topographic map


W. Engineering practices

1 Evaluate multiple design solutions to prevent flooding

2 Identify the best design solution to prevent hurricane damage


X. Units and measurement

1 Choose customary units of distance

2 Choose metric units of distance

3 Choose customary units of mass

4 Choose metric units of mass

5 Choose customary units of volume

6 Choose metric units of volume

7 Abbreviate time and length units

8 Abbreviate mass and volume units


Y. Astronomy

1 Identify phases of the Moon


Fifth grade science

A. Materials

1 Compare properties of objects


B. Matter and mass

1 Calculate density

2 Understand conservation of matter using graphs


C. Heat and thermal energy

1 Change-of-state diagrams: melting, freezing, vaporizing, and condensing

2 Change-of-state diagrams: melting, freezing, vaporizing, condensing, and sublimating

3 Heating, cooling, and changes of state

4 Predict heat flow

5 Predict temperature changes

6 How are temperature and mass related to thermal energy?


D. Physical and chemical change

1 Compare physical and chemical changes


E. Mixtures

1 Identify mixtures


F. Atoms and molecules

1 Interpret ball-and-stick models

2 Match chemical formulas to ball-and-stick models

3 Complete chemical formulas for ball-and-stick models

4 Count atoms in chemical formulas

5 Classify elementary substances and compounds using chemical formulas

6 Identify elementary substances and compounds using chemical formulas

7 Sort elementary substances and compounds using chemical formulas

8 Classify elementary substances and compounds using models


G. Force and motion

1 Identify directions of forces

2 How do balanced and unbalanced forces affect motion?

3 How does mass affect force and acceleration?


H. Magnets

1 Identify magnets that attract or repel

2 Label magnets that attract or repel

3 Compare magnitudes of magnetic forces


I. Classification

1 Identify mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, and amphibians

2 Identify vertebrates and invertebrates

3 Use evidence to classify mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, and amphibians

4 Use evidence to classify animals

5 Describe, classify, and compare kingdoms 


J. Scientific names

1 Identify common and scientific names

2 Origins of scientific names

3 Use scientific names to classify organisms


K. Animals

1 Read and construct animal life cycle diagrams

2 Compare animal life cycles

3 Human organs and their functions

4 Body systems: circulation and respiration

5 Body systems: digestion

6 Body systems: removing waste

7 Body systems: perception and motion


L. Plants

1 Classify fruits and vegetables as plant parts

2 Identify plant parts and their functions

3 How do plants make food?

4 Identify flower parts and their functions

5 Flowering plant and conifer life cycles

6 Moss and fern life cycles

7 Identify the photosynthetic organism


M. Adaptations

1 Animal adaptations: beaks, mouths, and necks

2 Animal adaptations: feet and limbs

3 Animal adaptations: skins and body coverings


N. Traits and heredity

1 Match offspring to parents using inherited traits

2 Identify inherited and acquired traits

3 Inherited and acquired traits: use evidence to support a statement

4 Read a plant pedigree chart

5 Read an animal pedigree chart


O. Cells

1 Identify functions of plant cell parts

2 Identify functions of animal cell parts

3 Animal and plant cell diagrams: identify parts

4 Plant cell diagrams: label parts

5 Animal cell diagrams: label parts

6 Compare cells and cell parts


P. Ecosystems

1 Identify ecosystems

2 Describe ecosystems

3 Identify roles in food chains

4 How does matter move in food chains?

5 Interpret food webs I

6 Interpret food webs II 


Q. Conservation and natural resources

1 Science literacy: how can a community protect sea turtles?

2 Evaluate natural energy sources


R. Rocks and minerals

1 Identify rocks and minerals

2 How do sedimentary rocks form?

3 Classify rocks as igneous, sedimentary, or metamorphic

4 How do rock layers form?

5 Label parts of rock cycle diagrams

6 Select parts of rock cycle diagrams


S. Fossils

1 Introduction to fossils

2 Identify and classify fossils

3 Compare fossils to modern organisms

4 Compare ancient and modern organisms: use observations to support a hypothesis

5 Interpret evidence from fossils in rock layers


T. Weather and climate

1 Collect and graph temperature data

2 What's the difference between weather and climate?

3 Weather and climate around the world

4 Weather or climate? Cite text

5 Use climate data to make predictions

6 Use data to describe climates


U. Water cycle

1 Describe and graph water on Earth

2 Label parts of water cycle diagrams

3 Select parts of water cycle diagrams

V. Topographic maps

1 Read a topographic map

2 Select parts of a topographic map


W. Units and measurement

1 Choose customary units of distance

2 Choose metric units of distance

3 Choose customary units of mass

4 Choose metric units of mass

5 Choose customary units of volume

6 Choose metric units of volume

7 Abbreviate time, length, and speed units

8 Abbreviate mass, volume, and temperature units


X. Lab tools and equipment

1 Identify laboratory tools

Y. Astronomy

1 Identify phases of the Moon

 

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