Wednesday, January 6, 2021

Elementary English Language Arts

Pre-K Language Arts
Students are between the age of 3 and 4. Three areas of focus are: Reading foundations, Reading strategies, and  Vocabulary 

Reading foundations
A. Letter identification
1 Find the letter in the alphabet: lowercase
2 Find the letter in the alphabet: uppercase
3 Choose the letter that you hear: lowercase
4 Choose the letter that you hear: uppercase
5 Frequently confused letters: find the letter
6 Frequently confused letters: find all the letters

B. Lowercase and uppercase letters
1 Choose the lowercase letter that matches: easier letters
2 Choose the lowercase letter that matches: harder letters
3 Find all the lowercase letters
4 Choose the uppercase letter that matches: easier letters
5 Choose the uppercase letter that matches: harder letters
6 Find all the uppercase letters 

C. Word recognition
1 Choose the two words that are the same
2 Choose the sentence that is spaced correctly
3 Find a word in a sentence

D. Rhyming
1 Choose the words that have a given ending
2 Choose the picture that rhymes with the word

E. Blending and segmenting
1 Blend the sounds together to make a word
2 Identify the first sound in a word
3 Put the sounds in order 

F. Consonant sounds and letters
1 Which two words start with the same sound?
2 Find all the words that start with a given sound
3 Which two words end with the same sound?
4 Choose the letter that matches the consonant sound

G. Short vowels
1 Find the short a word
2 Find the short e word
3 Find the short i word
4 Find the short o word
5 Find the short u word

H. Sight words
1 Choose the two sight words that are the same
2 Choose the sight word that you hear

Reading strategies
I. Text features
1 Identify book parts and features 
J. Reality vs. fiction
1 Which could happen in real life? 

K. Inference and analysis
1 Which feeling matches the picture?
2 What will happen next?

Vocabulary
L. Color and number words
1 Use color words
2 Use number words: one to five
3 Use number words: six to ten
4 Use number words: one to ten

M. Nouns
1 Choose the singular or plural noun that matches the picture 

N. Verbs
1 Find the picture that matches the action verb

O. Adjectives
1 Compare pictures using adjectives

P. Location words
1 Inside and outside
2 Above and below
3 Next to and beside 

Q. Antonyms
1 Match antonyms to pictures

R. Categories
1 Sort objects into categories
2 Which one is not like the others?


Kindergarten language arts
Students must be between the age of 4 and 6. Minimum age for kindergarten entrance is 4 years 7 months before the first day of the school year. All children must attend kindergarten before age 7.

Four areas of focus are: Reading foundations,  Reading strategies, Vocabulary, and  Grammar and mechanics 

Reading foundations
A. Letter identification
1 Find letters in the alphabet
2 Choose the letter that you hear: lowercase
3 Choose the letter that you hear: uppercase
4 Identify frequently confused letters

B. Lowercase and uppercase letters
1 Choose the lowercase letter that matches
2 Find the lowercase letters
3 Choose the uppercase letter that matches
4 Find the uppercase letters
5 Put the letters in ABC order

C. Word recognition
1 Choose the two words that are the same
2 Choose the sentence that is spaced correctly
3 Find a word in a sentence

D. Consonants and vowels
1 Sort consonants and vowels
2 Find the vowel in the word

E. Syllables
1 How many syllables does the word have?
2 Which word has more syllables?
3 Sort by the number of syllables

F. Rhyming
1 Choose the words that have a given ending
2 Choose the picture that rhymes with the word
3 Which word does not rhyme?
4 Complete the rhyme

G. Blending and segmenting
1 Blend the sounds together to make a word
2 Identify the first, second, and last sound in a word
3 Put the sounds in order 

H. Consonant sounds and letters
1 Which two words start with the same sound?
2 Find all the words that start with a given sound
3 Which two words end with the same sound?
4 Choose the letter that matches the consonant sound
5 Which letter does the word start with?
6 Which letter does the word end with?

I. Consonant blends and digraphs
1 Which consonant blend does the word start with?
2 Complete the word with the right initial consonant blend
3 Does the word start with a consonant blend?
4 Which consonant blend does the word end with?
5 Complete the word with the right final consonant blend
6 Does the word end with a consonant blend?
7 Choose the word that matches the picture: -ss, -ll, -ff, -zz, -ck
8 Choose the correct digraph

J. Short a
1 Find the short a word
2 Choose the short a word that matches the picture
3 Complete the short a word
4 Choose the short a sentence that matches the picture

K. Short e
1 Find the short e word
2 Choose the picture that matches the short e word
3 Complete the short e word
4 Choose the short e sentence that matches the picture

L. Short i
1 Find the short i word
2 Choose the short i word that matches the picture
3 Complete the short i words
4 Choose the short i sentence that matches the picture 

M. Short o
1 Find the short o word
2 Choose the short o word that matches the picture
3 Complete the short o word
4 Choose the short o sentence that matches the picture

N. Short u
1 Find the short u word
2 Choose the picture that matches the short u word
3 Complete the short u word
4 Choose the short u sentence that matches the picture

O. Short vowels
1 Identify the short vowel sound in a word
2 Complete the word with the right short vowel
3 Spell the short vowel word
4 Complete the sentence with the correct short vowel word
5 Read questions with short vowel words

P. Long vowels
1 Choose the word that has a different vowel sound
2 Find the long a word
3 Find the long e word
4 Find the long i word
5 Find the long o word
6 Find the long u word
7 Sort short and long vowel words

Q. Sight words
1 Choose the two sight words that are the same
2 Choose the sight word that you hear
3 Complete the sentence with the correct sight word
4 Spell the sight word

Reading strategies
R. Text features
1 Identify book parts and features

S. Reality vs. fiction
1 Which could happen in real life? 

T. Main idea
1 What is the picture about? 

U. Inference and analysis
1 Which feeling matches the picture?
2 What will happen next?
3 What am I?

Vocabulary
V. Color and number words
1 Use number words: one to ten
2 Use color words

W. Adjectives and verbs
1 Compare pictures using adjectives
2 Find the picture that matches the action verb 

X. Location words
1 Inside and outside, above and below, next to and beside
2 Choose the best location word to match the picture

Y. Question words
1 Who, what, when, where, or why? 

Z. Synonyms and antonyms
1 Match antonyms to pictures
2 Match synonyms

AA. Categories
1 Sort objects into categories
2 Which one is not like the others?

BB. Multiple meaning words
1 Multiple-meaning words with pictures

Grammar and mechanics
CC. Sentences
1 Is it a telling sentence or an asking sentence?
2 Identify and use end marks
3 Find the complete sentence
New! Unscramble the words to make a complete sentence 

DD. Capitalization
1 Capitalize the first letter of a sentence
2 Capitalize the pronoun "I"

EE. Nouns
1 Is the noun a person, animal, place, or thing?
2 Choose the singular or plural noun that matches the picture 

FF. Verbs
1 Find the action verb
2 Complete the sentence with an action verb to match the picture


First grade language arts

Four areas of focus are: Reading foundations, Reading strategies,  Vocabulary, and  Grammar and mechanics 

Reading foundations
A. Consonants and vowels
1 Sort consonants and vowels
2 Find the vowels in a word

B. Syllables
1 How many syllables does the word have?
2 Sort by the number of syllables

C. Rhyming
1 Choose the picture that rhymes with the word
2 Which word does not rhyme?
3 Complete the rhyme
4 Complete the poem with a word that rhymes

D. Blending and segmenting
1 Blend the sounds together to make a word
2 Identify each sound in a word
3 Put the sounds in order

E. Consonant sounds and letters
1 Which two words start with the same sound?
2 Which two words end with the same sound?
3 Which letter does the word start with?
4 Which letter does the word end with?

F. Consonant blends and digraphs
1 Complete the word with the right initial consonant blend
2 Does the word start with a consonant blend?
3 Complete the word with the right final consonant blend
4 Does the word end with a consonant blend?
5 Fill in the missing consonant blend
6 Complete the word to match the picture: -ss, -ll, -ff, -zz, -ck
7 Choose the correct digraph
8 Complete the word with the right digraph
9 Spell the digraph word
10 Sort by initial consonant blend or digraph 

G. Short a
1 Choose the short a word that matches the picture
2 Complete the short a word
3 Choose the short a sentence that matches the picture

H. Short e
1 Choose the picture that matches the short e word
2 Complete the short e word
3 Choose the short e sentence that matches the picture

I. Short i
1 Choose the short i word that matches the picture
2 Complete the short i words
3 Choose the short i sentence that matches the picture

J. Short o
1 Choose the short o word that matches the picture
2 Complete the short o word
3 Choose the short o sentence that matches the picture

K. Short u
1 Choose the picture that matches the short u word
2 Complete the short u word
3 Choose the short u sentence that matches the picture

L. Short vowels
1 Identify the short vowel sound in a word
2 Complete the word with the right short vowel
3 Spell the short vowel word
4 Complete the sentence with the correct short vowel word

M. Short and long vowels
1 Sort short and long vowel words
2 Match the short a and long a words to pictures
3 Match the short e and long e words to pictures
4 Choose the short i or long i word that matches the picture
5 Choose the short o or long o word that matches the picture
6 Choose the short u or long u word that matches the picture
7 Use spelling patterns to sort long and short vowel words 

N. Silent e
1 Choose the silent e word that matches the picture
2 Complete the silent e words
3 Spell the silent e word
4 Choose the silent e sentence that matches the picture

O. Vowel teams
1 Choose the picture that matches the vowel team word
2 Complete the vowel team words
3 Complete the word with the right vowel team
4 Choose the vowel team sentence that matches the picture

P. R-controlled vowels
1 Choose the r-control word that matches the picture
2 Complete the word with the right r-controlled vowel: ar, er, ir, or, ur

Q. Diphthongs: oi, oy, ou, ow
1 Choose the diphthong word that matches the picture
2 Complete the word with the right diphthong: oi, oy, ou, ow

R. Two-syllable words
1 Put two syllables together to create a word: easier
2 Put two syllables together to create a word: harder
3 Complete the two-syllable words
4 Complete the sentence with a two-syllable word

S. Sight words
1 Choose the sight word that you hear
2 Complete the sentence with the correct sight word
3 Spell the sight word

Reading strategies
T. Reality vs. fiction
1 Which could happen in real life? 

U. Main idea
1 What is the picture about? 

V. Inference and analysis
1 Which feeling matches the picture?
2 What will happen next?
3 What am I?

Vocabulary
W. Nouns and adjectives
1 Complete the sentence with a noun to match the picture
2 Compare pictures using adjectives
3 Use number words

X. Categories
1 Sort words into categories
2 Which word is not like the others?

Y. Synonyms and antonyms
1 Choose the synonyms
2 Choose the antonyms 

Z. Multiple-meaning words
1 Multiple-meaning words with pictures

AA. Shades of meaning
1 Find the words with related meanings
2 Describe the difference between related words
3 Order related words based on meaning 

BB. Prefixes and suffixes
1 Use words with prefixes and suffixes
2 Understand words with prefixes and suffixes

CC. Context clues
1 Use context to identify the meaning of a word

DD. Reference skills
1 Put the letters in ABC order
2 Put the words in ABC order

Grammar and mechanics
EE. Sentences
1 Identify statements
2 Identify questions
3 Identify exclamations
4 Identify commands
5 Choose the right end mark
6 Statement, question, command, or exclamation?
7 Who, what, when, where, or why?
8 Is it the naming or action part of the sentence?
9 Find the complete sentences
10 Complete the sentence
11 Unscramble the words to make a complete sentence

FF. Nouns
1 Is the noun a person, animal, place, or thing?
2 Select the nouns
3 Identify nouns in a sentence
4 Sort common and proper nouns
5 Identify proper nouns
6 Regular plurals: select the word that matches the picture
7 Form regular plurals with -s and -es
8 Use singular and plural nouns
9 Irregular plurals: select the word that matches the picture
10 Select the possessive noun that matches the picture
11 Form the singular possessive

GG. Pronouns
1 Choose between subject and object personal pronouns
2 Choose the correct personal pronoun
3 Complete the sentence with the correct personal pronoun
4 Choose the correct possessive pronoun
5 Use the correct possessive pronoun 

HH. Verbs
1 Complete the sentence with an action verb to match the picture
2 Identify action verbs
3 Use action verbs

II. Subject-verb agreement
1 One or more than one?
2 Complete the sentence with the best verb
3 Complete the sentence with the best subject
4 Pronoun-verb agreement: Complete the sentence with the best verb
5 Pronoun-verb agreement: Complete the sentence with the best subject

JJ. Verb tense
1 Select the sentence that tells about the present
2 Select the sentence that tells about the past
3 Select the sentence that tells about the future
4 Place sentences on a timeline
5 Form and use the regular past tense
6 Identify the irregular past tense
7 Place sentences with irregular verbs on a timeline
8 Complete the verb with the ending that you hear
9 Match the -ed and -ing sentences to the pictures
10 To be: use the correct present tense form
11 To be: use the correct past tense form
12 To be: use the correct form
13 To have: use the correct form 

KK. Articles
1 Use the correct article: a or an
2 Identify articles

LL. Adjectives
1 Use sense words
2 Does the adjective tell you what kind or how many?
3 Identify adjectives
4 Compare pictures using comparative and superlative adjectives
5 Identify comparative and superlative adjectives
6 Does the adjective compare two or more than two?

MM. Prepositions
1 Select the best preposition to match the picture
2 Select the best preposition to complete the sentence

NN. Linking words
1 Use conjunctions
2 Identify time-order words
3 Put the sentences in order

OO. Contractions
1 Match the contractions
2 Form pronoun-verb contractions
3 Form contractions with "not"
4 Complete the sentence with the correct contraction

PP. Capitalization
1 Capitalize the names of people and pets
2 Capitalize days and months
3 Capitalize sentences and the pronoun "I"


Second grade language arts

Five areas of focus are: Reading foundations, Reading strategies, Writing strategies,  Vocabulary, and Grammar and mechanics 

Reading foundations
A. Syllables
1 How many syllables does the word have?
2 Sort by the number of syllables

B. Rhyming
1 Choose the picture that rhymes with the word
2 Which word does not rhyme?
3 Complete the rhyme
4 Complete the poem with a word that rhymes
5 Spell rhyming words to answer riddles

C. Consonant blends and digraphs
1 Complete the word with the correct initial consonant blend
2 Complete the word with the correct final consonant blend
3 Spell the word with a consonant blend
4 Complete the word with the correct digraph: ch, sh, th
5 Complete the word with the correct digraph: ph, qu, wh
6 Spell the digraph word: ch, sh, th
7 Spell the digraph word: ph, qu, wh
8 Sort by initial consonant blend or digraph
9 Complete the word with a three-letter consonant blend
10 Complete the sentence with a three-letter consonant blend word
11 Complete the words with silent letters

D. Short vowels
1 Complete the word with the correct short vowel
2 Spell the short a word
3 Spell the short e word
4 Spell the short i word
5 Spell the short o word
6 Spell the short u word 

E. Short and long vowels
1 Sort short and long vowel words
2 Match the short a and long a words to pictures
3 Match the short e and long e words to pictures
4 Choose the short i or long i word that matches the picture
5 Choose the short o or long o word that matches the picture
6 Choose the short u or long u word that matches the picture
7 Use spelling patterns to sort long and short vowel words
8 Is the syllable open or closed?
9 Spell words with open and closed syllables
10 Complete the sentence with the correct -ild, -ind, -old, -olt, or -ost word

F. Silent e
1 Choose the silent e word that matches the picture
2 Complete the silent e words
3 Spell the silent e word
4 Choose the silent e sentence that matches the picture

G. Vowel teams
1 Choose the picture that matches the vowel team word
2 Complete the vowel team words
3 Complete the word with the correct vowel team
4 Choose the vowel team sentence that matches the picture

H. Long vowels
1 Choose the words with a given long vowel
2 Spell the long a word: silent e, ai, ay
3 Spell the long e word: ee, ea
4 Spell the long i word: silent e, ie, y
5 Spell the long o word: silent e, oa, ow
6 Spell the long u word: silent e, ue, oo, ew 

I. R-controlled vowels
1 Choose the r-control word that matches the picture
2 Complete the word with the correct r-controlled vowel: ar, er, ir, or, ur
3 Complete the word with the correct r-controlled vowel: er, ir, ur
4 Choose the r-control sentence that matches the picture

J. Diphthongs: oi, oy, ou, ow
1 Choose the diphthong word that matches the picture
2 Complete the word with the correct diphthong: oi, oy, ou, ow
3 Choose the diphthong sentence that matches the picture

K. Variant vowels
1 Complete words with variant vowels
2 Which word has a different vowel sound?

L. Soft g and c
1 Sort soft and hard g words and soft and hard c words
2 Pick the soft g or soft c word that matches the picture
3 Choose the soft g or soft c sentence that matches the picture
4 Spell the soft g or soft c word

M. Two-syllable words
1 Put two syllables together to create a word: easier
2 Put two syllables together to create a word: harder
3 Complete the two-syllable words
4 Complete the sentence with a two-syllable word

N. Consonant-l-e
1 Complete the consonant-l-e words
2 Choose the correct spelling of the consonant-l-e word
3 Spell the consonant-l-e word

O. Sight words
1 Choose the sight word that you hear
2 Complete the sentence with the correct sight word
3 Spell the sight word

Reading strategies
P. Sequence
1 Order events in a story

Q. Inference and analysis
1 Which book title goes with the picture?
2 Use actions and dialogue to understand characters

R. Setting and character
1 Choose the picture that matches the setting or character 

S. Topic and purpose
1 Identify the purpose of a text
2 Determine the topic and purpose of informational passages

T. Cause and effect
1 Match each effect to its cause
2 Match each cause to its effect

U. Compare and contrast
1 Compare and contrast in informational passages 

V. Independent reading comprehension
1 Read and understand informational passages
2 Analyze stories
3 Determine the themes of myths, fables, and folktales

W. Text features
1 Use text features

Writing strategies
X. Organizing writing
1 Put the sentences in order

Y. Topic sentences
1 Select the detail that does not support the topic sentence
2 Choose topic sentences for narrative paragraphs
3 Choose topic sentences for expository paragraphs

Z. Linking words
1 Use conjunctions
2 Use subordinating conjunctions
3 Identify time-order words
4 Use time-order words
5 Use linking words to complete a passage 

AA. Author's purpose
1 Choose the text that matches the writer's purpose

BB. Opinion writing
1 Complete the fact and opinion sentences
2 Complete the opinion passage with an example
3 Complete the opinion passage with a reason
4 Complete the opinion-reason-example table 

CC. Descriptive details
1 Choose the sensory details that match the picture
2 Add descriptive details to sentences
3 Revise the sentence using a stronger verb
4 Insert dialogue into a story

DD. Sentence variety
1 Combine sentences: subjects
2 Combine sentences: predicates
3 Combine sentences: subjects and predicates
4 Rewrite sentences using introductory elements

Vocabulary
EE. Prefixes and suffixes
1 Complete the word with the ending that you hear
2 Identify base words, prefixes, and suffixes
3 Determine the meaning of a word with pre-, re-, or mis-
4 Use the prefixes pre-, re-, and mis-
5 Determine the meaning of a word with -ful or -less
6 Prefixes and suffixes: review

FF. Compound words
1 Form compound words with pictures
2 Form compound words
3 Form and use compound words

GG. Categories
1 Sort words into categories
2 Which word is not like the others? 

HH. Synonyms and antonyms
1 Choose the synonym
2 Find synonyms in context
3 Choose the antonym
4 Which sentence uses an antonym?
5 Find antonyms in context
6 Which sentence has the same meaning?

II. Homophones
1 Homophones with pictures
2 Identify homophones
3 Use the correct homophone

JJ. Multiple-meaning words
1 Multiple-meaning words with pictures

KK. Shades of meaning
1 Shades of meaning with pictures
2 Find the words with related meanings
3 Describe the difference between related words
4 Order related words based on meaning 

LL. Idioms
1 Choose the picture that matches the idiomatic expression

MM. Context clues
1 Use context to identify the meaning of a word

NN. Reference skills
1 Order alphabetically based on the first letter
2 Order alphabetically based on the first two letters
3 Order alphabetically based on the first three letters
4 Use guide words
5 Use dictionary entries

Grammar and mechanics
OO. Sentences, fragments, and run-ons
1 Is the sentence a statement, question, command, or exclamation?
2 Identify the subject of a sentence
3 Identify the predicate of a sentence
4 Is it a complete sentence or a fragment?
5 Is it a complete sentence or a run-on?
6 Is it a complete sentence, a fragment, or a run-on?
7 Unscramble the words to make a complete sentence

PP. Nouns
1 Select the nouns
2 Which word is a noun?
3 Identify nouns
4 Sort common and proper nouns
5 Identify common and proper nouns
6 Form regular plurals with -s and -es
7 Use regular plurals with -s and -es
8 Use singular and plural nouns
9 Is the noun singular or plural?
10 Form and use irregular plurals
11 Identify plurals, singular possessives, and plural possessives
12 Form the singular or plural possessive
13 Identify and correct errors with plural and possessive nouns

QQ. Pronouns
1 Identify personal pronouns
2 Choose between subject and object personal pronouns
3 Replace the singular noun with a personal pronoun
4 Replace the plural noun with a personal pronoun
5 Compound subjects and objects with "I" and "me"
6 Choose the correct personal pronoun
7 Identify possessive pronouns
8 Use possessive pronouns
9 Choose between personal and reflexive pronouns
10 Use reflexive pronouns 

RR. Verb types
1 Use action verbs
2 Identify action verbs
3 Identify helping verbs

SS. Subject-verb agreement
1 One or more than one?
2 Use the correct subject or verb
3 Pronoun-verb agreement

TT. Verb tense
1 Which sentence is in the regular past tense?
2 Identify verbs in the regular past tense
3 Form and use the regular past tense
4 Place sentences on a timeline
5 Change the sentence to future tense
6 Identify the irregular past tense I
7 Identify the irregular past tense II
8 Form and use the irregular past tense: set 1
9 Form and use the irregular past tense: set 2
10 Form and use the irregular past tense: set 3
11 Form and use the irregular past tense: set 4
12 Match the -ed and -ing sentences to the pictures
13 To be: use the correct present tense form
14 To be: use the correct past tense form
15 To be: use the correct form
16 To have: use the correct form
17 Place sentences with irregular verbs on a timeline
18 Is the sentence in the past, present, or future tense?

UU. Articles
1 Use the correct article: a or an
2 Identify articles 

VV. Adjectives and adverbs
1 Use sense words
2 Does the adjective tell you what kind or how many?
3 Identify the adjective that describes the noun
4 Identify adjectives
5 Identify comparative and superlative adjectives
6 Does the adverb tell you how, when, or where?
7 Identify adverbs
8 Choose between adjectives and adverbs
9 Is the word an adjective or adverb?

WW. Prepositions
1 Select the best preposition to match the picture
2 Select the best preposition to complete the sentence

XX. Contractions
1 Match the contractions
2 Form pronoun-verb contractions
3 Form contractions with "not"
4 Use pronoun-verb contractions
5 Use contractions with "not"
6 Use contractions in a sentence

YY. Punctuation
1 Commas with a series
2 Commas with dates
3 Commas with the names of places
4 Commas: review

ZZ. Capitalization
1 Capitalizing the names of people and pets
2 Capitalizing days, months, and holidays
3 Capitalizing the names of places and geographic features
4 Capitalization: review
5 Capitalizing titles
6 Greetings and closings of letters

AAA. Abbreviations
1 Abbreviate days of the week
2 Abbreviate months of the year


Third grade language arts
Areas of Focus Include: Reading strategies, Writing strategies,  Vocabulary, and  Grammar and mechanics 

Reading strategies
A. Main idea
1 Use key details to determine the main idea
2 Determine the main idea of a passage

B. Theme
1 Determine the themes of myths, fables, and folktales

C. Author's purpose
1 Identify the author's purpose: mixed media
2 Identify the author's purpose: passages

D. Text structure
1 Determine the order of events in informational texts
2 Compare and contrast in informational texts
3 Match causes with effects
4 Match causes and effects in informational texts
5 Match problems with their solutions
6 Identify text structures

E. Sensory details
1 Sort sensory details
2 Identify sensory details 

F. Literary devices
1 Similes with pictures
2 Determine the meanings of similes

G. Point of view
1 Distinguish characters' points of view
2 Compare information from two informational texts

H. Inference
1 Which book title goes with the picture?
2 Use actions and dialogue to understand characters
3 Draw inferences from a text
4 Make predictions about a story

I. Story elements
1 Identify story elements

J. Visual elements
1 Compare mythological illustrations

K. Text features
1 Use text features

L. Rhyme
1 Spell rhyming words to answer riddles
2 Label the rhyme scheme 

M. Literary texts: level 1
1 Read fantasy with illustrations
2 Read historical fiction with illustrations
3 Read science fiction with illustrations
4 Read realistic fiction with illustrations

N. Literary texts: level 2
1 Read realistic fiction: set 1
2 Read realistic fiction: set 2
3 Read poetry

O. Informational texts: level 1
1 Read passages about animals
New! Read passages about food
2 Read passages about art, music, and traditions
3 Read passages about sports and hobbies

P. Informational texts: level 2
1 Read passages about famous people
2 Read passages about famous places
3 Read passages about business and technology
4 Read passages about science and nature

Writing strategies
Q. Organizing writing
1 Put the sentences in order
2 Order items from most general to most specific
3 Organize information by main idea

R. Topic sentences
1 Select the detail that does not support the topic sentence
2 Choose topic sentences for narrative paragraphs
3 Choose topic sentences for expository paragraphs

S. Writer's purpose
1 Choose the text that matches the writer's purpose 

T. Linking words
1 Identify time-order words
2 Use time-order words
3 Use coordinating conjunctions
4 Use subordinating conjunctions
5 Choose the best transition
6 Use linking words to complete a passage

U. Opinion writing
1 Distinguish facts from opinions
2 Identify an author's statement of opinion
3 Choose reasons to support an opinion
4 Complete the opinion passage with an example
5 Complete the opinion passage with a reason
6 Complete the opinion-reason-example table 

V. Descriptive details
1 Add descriptive details to sentences
2 Show character emotions and traits
3 Revise the sentence using a stronger verb

W. Sentence variety
1 Combine sentences: subjects and predicates
2 Combine sentences by adding key details
3 Create varied sentences based on models

X. Editing and revising
1 Correct errors with signs

Vocabulary
Y. Prefixes and suffixes
1 Identify base words, prefixes, and suffixes
2 Determine the meaning of a word with pre-, re-, or mis-
3 Use the prefixes pre-, re-, and mis-
4 Determine the meaning of a word with -ful or -less
5 Determine the meaning of a word with -ly or -ness
6 Determine the meaning of a word with -able or -ment
7 Determine the meaning of a word with a suffix: review
8 Determine the meanings of words with prefixes and suffixes: review
9 Sort words with shared prefixes and suffixes by meaning
10 Sort words with shared suffixes by part of speech
11 Word pattern analogies
12 Word pattern sentences

Z. Greek and Latin roots
1 Use Greek and Latin roots as clues to the meanings of words
2 Determine the meanings of Greek and Latin roots
3 Determine the meanings of words with Greek and Latin roots 

AA. Compound words
1 Form compound words with pictures
2 Form compound words
3 Form and use compound words

BB. Categories
1 Select the members of a group
2 Select the words that don't belong

CC. Synonyms and antonyms
1 Choose the synonym
2 Which sentence has the same meaning?
3 Find synonyms in context
4 Choose the antonym
5 Which sentence uses an antonym?
6 Find antonyms in context

DD. Homophones
1 Homophones with pictures
2 Identify homophones
3 Use the correct homophone

EE. Multiple-meaning words
1 Multiple-meaning words with pictures
2 Which definition matches the sentence?
3 Which sentence matches the definition? 

FF. Shades of meaning
1 Shades of meaning with pictures
2 Describe the difference between related words
3 Positive and negative connotation

GG. Idioms
1 Choose the picture that matches the idiomatic expression

HH. Context clues
1 Determine the meaning of words using synonyms in context
2 Use context to identify the meaning of a word
3 Use academic vocabulary in context
II. Reference skills
1 Order alphabetically based on the first letter
2 Order alphabetically based on the first two letters
3 Order alphabetically based on the first three letters
4 Order alphabetically: challenge
5 Use guide words
6 Use dictionary entries
7 Use dictionary definitions

Grammar and mechanics
JJ. Sentences, fragments, and run-ons
1 Is the sentence a statement, question, command, or exclamation?
2 Identify the complete subject of a sentence
3 Identify the complete predicate of a sentence
4 Identify the simple subject or predicate of a sentence
5 Is it a complete sentence or a fragment?
6 Is it a complete sentence or a run-on?
7 Is it a complete sentence, a fragment, or a run-on?
8 Is the sentence simple or compound?
9 Create compound sentences
10 Order the words to create a sentence

KK. Nouns
1 Which word is a noun?
2 Identify nouns
3 Identify nouns – with abstract nouns
4 Identify common and proper nouns
5 Form regular plurals with -s, -es, and -ies
6 Use regular plurals with -s, -es, and -ies
7 Is the noun singular or plural?
8 Form and use irregular plurals
9 Identify plurals, singular possessives, and plural possessives
10 Form the singular or plural possessive
11 Identify and correct errors with plural and possessive nouns

LL. Pronouns
1 Identify personal pronouns
2 Choose between subject and object personal pronouns
3 Replace the noun with a personal pronoun
4 Compound subjects and objects with "I" and "me"
5 Identify possessive pronouns
6 Use possessive pronouns
7 Choose between personal and reflexive pronouns
8 Use reflexive pronouns

MM. Verb types
1 Use action verbs
2 Identify action verbs
3 Identify main verbs and helping verbs 

NN. Subject-verb agreement
1 Is the subject singular or plural?
2 Use the correct subject or verb
3 Pronoun-verb agreement

OO. Verb tense
1 Which sentence is in the regular past tense?
2 Identify verbs in the regular past tense
3 Form and use the regular past tense
4 Identify the irregular past tense I
5 Identify the irregular past tense II
6 Form and use the irregular past tense: set 1
7 Form and use the irregular past tense: set 2
8 Form and use the irregular past tense: set 3
9 Form and use the irregular past tense: set 4
10 Form and use the irregular past tense: set 5
11 To be: use the correct form
12 To have: use the correct form
13 Is the sentence in the past, present, or future tense?
14 Change the sentence to future tense

PP. Articles
1 Use the correct article: a or an
2 Use the correct article: a, an, or the
3 Identify articles

QQ. Adjectives and adverbs
1 Does the adjective tell you what kind or how many?
2 Identify the adjective that describes the noun
3 Identify adjectives
4 Does the adverb tell you how, when, or where?
5 Identify adverbs
6 Choose between adjectives and adverbs
7 Is the word an adjective or adverb?
8 Use adjectives to compare
9 Spell adjectives that compare
10 Use adverbs to compare 

RR. Prepositions
1 Identify prepositions
2 Identify prepositions and their objects
3 Identify prepositional phrases
4 Prepositions: review

SS. Conjunctions
1 Identify coordinating conjunctions
2 Identify subordinating conjunctions

TT. Contractions
1 Pronoun-verb contractions
2 Contractions with "not"

UU. Commas
1 Commas with a series
2 Commas with dates
3 Commas with the names of places
4 Commas with direct addresses and after introductory words
5 Commas: review

VV. Capitalization
1 Capitalizing the names of people and pets and titles of respect
2 Capitalizing days, months, and holidays
3 Capitalizing the names of places and geographic features
4 Capitalizing proper adjectives, nationalities, and languages
5 Capitalization: review

WW. Abbreviations
1 Abbreviate days of the week
2 Abbreviate months of the year
3 Abbreviate people's titles
4 Abbreviate customary units of measurement
5 Abbreviate metric units of measurement
6 Abbreviate street names
7 Abbreviate state names
8 Abbreviate street names and state names: review

XX. Formatting
1 Greetings and closings of letters
2 Formatting street addresses
3 Capitalizing titles
4 Formatting titles
5 Formatting and capitalizing titles
6 Punctuating dialogue


Fourth grade language arts
Areas of Focus Include: Reading strategies, Writing strategies, Vocabulary, and  Grammar and mechanics 

Reading strategies
A. Main idea
1 Use key details to determine the main idea
2 Determine the main idea of a passage
3 Combine main ideas from two texts

B. Theme
1 Determine the themes of myths, fables, and folktales

C. Author's purpose
1 Identify the purpose of a text

D. Text structure
1 Determine the order of events in informational texts
2 Compare and contrast in informational texts
3 Match causes and effects in informational texts
4 Match problems with their solutions
5 Identify text structures

E. Sensory details
1 Sort sensory details
2 Identify sensory details
F. Literary devices
1 Identify similes and metaphors
2 Similes and metaphors with pictures
3 Determine the meanings of similes and metaphors
4 Interpret the meaning of an allusion from its source
5 Analyze the effects of figures of speech on meaning and tone 

G. Point of view
1 Identify the narrative point of view
2 Distinguish characters' points of view
3 Compare information from two texts

H. Inference
1 Use actions and dialogue to understand characters
2 Compare and contrast characters
3 Draw inferences from a text
4 Make predictions about a story
5 Which book title goes with the picture?

I. Story elements
1 Identify story elements

J. Visual elements
1 Compare mythological illustrations
2 Read graphic organizers

K. Text features
1 Select and use text features

L. Poetry elements
1 Label the rhyme scheme
2 Identify elements of poetry 

M. Literary texts: level 1
1 Read fantasy with illustrations
2 Read realistic fiction with illustrations
New! Read science fiction with illustrations

N. Literary texts: level 2
1 Read realistic fiction
2 Read historical fiction
3 Read poetry
New! Read drama

O. Informational texts: level 1
1 Read passages about animals
2 Read passages about art, music, and traditions
3 Read passages about famous places
New! Read passages about sports and hobbies

P. Informational texts: level 2
1 Read passages about famous people
New! Read passages about business and technology
2 Read passages about science and nature
New! Read passages about history

Writing strategies
Q. Organizing writing
1 Put the sentences in order
2 Order items from most general to most specific
3 Organize information by main idea
4 Remove the sentence that does not belong

R. Introductions and conclusions
1 Choose the best topic sentence
2 Choose the best concluding sentence

S. Summarizing
1 Summarize a story 

T. Linking words
1 Identify time-order words
2 Use coordinating conjunctions
3 Use subordinating conjunctions
4 Choose the best transition

U. Developing and supporting arguments
1 Distinguish facts from opinions
2 Identify an author's statement of opinion
3 Choose reasons to support an opinion
4 Identify supporting details in literary texts
5 Identify supporting details in informational texts
New! Identify and correct plagiarism 

V. Descriptive details
1 Show character emotions and traits
2 Revise the sentence using a stronger verb
3 Add imagery to stories

W. Sentence variety
1 Create varied sentences based on models

X. Editing and revising
1 Correct errors with signs

Vocabulary
Y. Prefixes and suffixes
1 Identify base words, prefixes, and suffixes
2 Determine the meaning of a word with pre-, re-, or mis-
3 Use the prefixes pre-, re-, and mis-
4 Determine the meaning of a word with -ful or -less
5 Determine the meaning of a word with -ly or -ness
6 Determine the meaning of a word with -able or -ment
7 Determine the meaning of a word with a suffix: review
8 Determine the meanings of words with prefixes and suffixes: review
9 Sort words with shared prefixes and suffixes by meaning
10 Sort words with shared suffixes by part of speech
11 Word pattern analogies
12 Word pattern sentences

Z. Greek and Latin roots
1 Sort words by shared Greek or Latin roots
2 Use Greek and Latin roots as clues to the meanings of words
3 Use the meanings of words as clues to the meanings of Greek and Latin roots
4 Determine the meanings of Greek and Latin roots
5 Determine the meanings of words with Greek and Latin roots
6 Match words with Greek and Latin roots to their meanings 

AA. Compound words
1 Form compound words with pictures
2 Form compound words
3 Form and use compound words

BB. Categories
1 Select the members of a group
2 Select the words that don't belong

CC. Synonyms and antonyms
1 Choose the synonym
2 Which sentence has the same meaning?
3 Find synonyms in context
4 Choose the antonym
5 Which sentence uses an antonym?
6 Find antonyms in context

DD. Homophones
1 Homophones with pictures
2 Identify homophones
3 Use the correct homophone

EE. Multiple-meaning words
1 Multiple-meaning words with pictures
2 Which definition matches the sentence?
3 Which sentence matches the definition? 

FF. Idioms and adages
1 Determine the meaning of idioms from context: set 1
2 Identify the meaning of idioms and adages: set 1
3 Determine the meaning of idioms from context: set 2
4 Identify the meaning of idioms and adages: set 2
GG. Shades of meaning
1 Shades of meaning with pictures
2 Describe the difference between related words
3 Positive and negative connotation

HH. Context clues
1 Find words using context
2 Determine the meaning of words using synonyms in context
3 Use context to identify the meaning of a word
4 Determine the meaning of domain-specific words with pictures
5 Use academic vocabulary in context

II. Reference skills
1 Order alphabetically based on the first letter
2 Order alphabetically based on the first two letters
3 Order alphabetically based on the first three letters
4 Order alphabetically: challenge
5 Use guide words
6 Use dictionary entries
7 Use dictionary definitions
8 Use thesaurus entries

Grammar and mechanics
JJ. Sentences, fragments, and run-ons
1 Is the sentence declarative, interrogative, imperative, or exclamatory?
2 Identify the complete subject of a sentence
3 Identify the complete predicate of a sentence
4 Identify the simple subject or predicate of a sentence
5 Is it a complete sentence or a fragment?
6 Is it a complete sentence or a run-on?
7 Is it a complete sentence, a fragment, or a run-on?
8 Is the sentence simple or compound?
9 Create compound sentences
10 Order the words to create a sentence

KK. Nouns
1 Which word is a noun?
2 Identify nouns
3 Identify nouns – with abstract nouns
4 Identify common and proper nouns
5 Form regular plurals with -s, -es, and -ies
6 Use regular plurals with -s, -es, and -ies
7 Form regular plurals with -s, -es, -ies, and -ves
8 Use regular plurals with -s, -es, -ies, and -ves
9 Is the noun singular or plural?
10 Form and use irregular plurals
11 Identify plurals, singular possessives, and plural possessives
12 Form the singular or plural possessive
13 Identify and correct errors with plural and possessive nouns

LL. Pronouns
1 Identify personal pronouns
2 Choose between subject and object personal pronouns
3 Replace the noun with a personal pronoun
4 Compound subjects and objects with "I" and "me"
5 Identify possessive pronouns
6 Use possessive pronouns
7 Choose between personal and reflexive pronouns
8 Use reflexive pronouns
9 Identify relative pronouns
10 Use relative pronouns: who and whom
11 Use relative pronouns: who, whom, whose, which, and that 

MM. Verb types
1 Use action verbs
2 Identify action verbs
3 Identify main verbs and helping verbs
4 What does the modal verb show?
5 Use the correct modal verb

NN. Subject-verb agreement
1 Is the subject singular or plural?
2 Use the correct subject or verb
3 Pronoun-verb agreement
4 Use the correct subject or verb – with compound subjects

OO. Verb tense
1 Which sentence is in the regular past tense?
2 Identify verbs in the regular past tense
3 Form and use the regular past tense
4 Identify the irregular past tense
5 Form and use the irregular past tense: set 1
6 Form and use the irregular past tense: set 2
7 Form and use the irregular past tense: set 3
8 Form and use the irregular past tense: set 4
9 To be: use the correct form
10 To have: use the correct form
11 Is the sentence in the past, present, or future tense?
12 Change the sentence to future tense
13 Use the progressive verb tenses
14 Form the progressive verb tenses
15 Choose between the past tense and past participle
16 Use the perfect verb tenses
17 Form the perfect verb tenses

PP. Articles
1 Use the correct article: a or an
2 Use the correct article: a, an, or the
3 Identify articles

QQ. Adjectives and adverbs
1 Does the adjective tell you what kind or how many?
2 Identify the adjective that describes the noun
3 Identify adjectives
4 Order adjectives
5 Does the adverb tell you how, when, or where?
6 Identify adverbs
7 Use relative adverbs
8 Choose between adjectives and adverbs
9 Is the word an adjective or adverb?
10 Use adjectives to compare
11 Spell adjectives that compare
12 Use adjectives with more and most
13 Use adverbs to compare 

RR. Prepositions
1 Identify prepositions
2 Identify prepositions and their objects
3 Identify prepositional phrases
4 Prepositions: review

SS. Conjunctions
1 Identify coordinating conjunctions
2 Identify subordinating conjunctions

TT. Contractions
1 Pronoun-verb contractions
2 Contractions with "not"

UU. Commas
1 Commas with a series
2 Commas with dates
3 Commas with the names of places
4 Commas with direct addresses
5 Commas with introductory words and phrases
6 Commas: review

VV. Capitalization
1 Capitalizing the names of people and pets and titles of respect
2 Capitalizing days, months, and holidays
3 Capitalizing the names of places and geographic features
4 Capitalizing the names of historical events, periods, and documents
5 Capitalizing proper adjectives, nationalities, and languages
6 Capitalization: review

WW. Abbreviations
1 Abbreviate days of the week
2 Abbreviate months of the year
3 Abbreviate people's titles
4 Abbreviate customary units of measurement
5 Abbreviate metric units of measurement
6 Abbreviate street names
7 Abbreviate state names
8 Abbreviate street names and state names: review

XX. Formatting
1 Greetings and closings of letters
2 Formatting street addresses
3 Capitalizing titles
4 Formatting titles
5 Formatting and capitalizing titles
6 Punctuating dialogue


Fifth grade language arts
Areas of Focus Include: Reading strategies, Writing strategies, Vocabulary, and Grammar and mechanics 

Reading strategies
A. Main idea
1 Use key details to determine the main idea
2 Determine the main idea of a passage
New! Combine main ideas from two texts

B. Theme
1 Determine the themes of short stories

C. Author's purpose and tone
1 Identify the purpose of a text
2 Which sentence is more formal?
D. Text structure
1 Determine the order of events in informational texts
2 Compare and contrast in informational texts
3 Match causes and effects in informational texts
4 Match problems with their solutions
5 Identify text structures

E. Sensory details
1 Sort sensory details
2 Identify sensory details 
F. Literary devices
1 Identify similes and metaphors
2 Similes and metaphors with pictures
3 Determine the meanings of similes and metaphors
4 Interpret the meaning of an allusion from its source
5 Analyze the effects of figures of speech on meaning and tone

G. Point of view
1 Identify the narrative point of view
2 Compare and contrast points of view
3 Compare information from two texts

H. Inference
1 Use actions and dialogue to understand characters
2 Compare and contrast characters
3 Draw inferences from a text

I. Story elements
1 Identify story elements

J. Text features
1 Select and use text features

K. Visual elements
1 Compare mythological illustrations
2 Read graphic organizers 

L. Poetry elements
1 Label the rhyme scheme
2 Identify elements of poetry

M. Literary texts: level 1
1 Read fantasy with illustrations
New! Read realistic fiction with illustrations
New! Read historical fiction with illustrations

N. Literary texts: level 2
New! Read realistic fiction
1 Read historical fiction
2 Read poetry
New! Read drama

O. Informational texts: level 1
1 Read passages about animals
2 Read passages about art, music, and traditions
3 Read passages about famous places
New! Read passages about sports and hobbies

P. Informational texts: level 2
1 Read passages about famous people
2 Read passages about business and technology
3 Read passages about science and nature
New! Read passages about history

Writing strategies
Q. Organizing writing
1 Put the sentences in order
2 Use coordinating conjunctions
3 Choose the best transition
4 Order items from most general to most specific
5 Organize information by main idea
6 Remove the sentence that does not belong

R. Introductions and conclusions
1 Choose the best topic sentence
2 Choose the best concluding sentence
S. Summarizing
1 Summarize a story 

T. Developing and supporting arguments
1 Distinguish facts from opinions
2 Identify an author's statement of opinion
3 Choose reasons to support an opinion
4 Identify supporting details in literary texts
5 Identify supporting details in informational texts

U. Descriptive details
1 Show character emotions and traits
2 Revise the sentence using a stronger verb
3 Add imagery to stories 

V. Sentence variety
1 Create varied sentences based on models

W. Editing and revising
1 Use the correct frequently confused word
2 Correct errors with frequently confused words
3 Correct errors with signs

X. Research skills
1 Identify and correct plagiarism

Vocabulary
Y. Prefixes and suffixes
1 Words with pre-
2 Words with re-
3 Words with sub-
4 Words with mis-
5 Words with un-, dis-, in-, im-, and non-
6 Words with -ful
7 Words with -less
8 Words with -able and -ible
9 Sort words with shared prefixes and suffixes by meaning
10 Sort words with shared suffixes by part of speech
11 Word pattern analogies
12 Word pattern sentences

Z. Greek and Latin roots
1 Sort words by shared Greek or Latin roots
2 Use Greek and Latin roots as clues to the meanings of words
3 Use the meanings of words as clues to the meanings of Greek and Latin roots
4 Use words as clues to the meanings of Greek and Latin roots
5 Determine the meanings of Greek and Latin roots
6 Determine the meanings of words with Greek and Latin roots
7 Match words with Greek and Latin roots to their meanings 

AA. Categories
1 Select the members of a group
2 Select the words that don't belong

BB. Synonyms and antonyms
1 Choose the synonym
2 Find synonyms in context
3 Choose the antonym
4 Find antonyms in context

CC. Analogies
1 Analogies

DD. Homophones
1 Homophones with pictures
2 Use the correct homophone

EE. Multiple-meaning words
1 Multiple-meaning words with pictures
2 Which definition matches the sentence?
3 Which sentence matches the definition?

FF. Idioms and adages
1 Determine the meaning of idioms from context: set 1
2 Identify the meaning of idioms and adages: set 1
3 Determine the meaning of idioms from context: set 2
4 Identify the meaning of idioms and adages: set 2 

GG. Shades of meaning
1 Describe the difference between related words
2 Positive and negative connotation

HH. Context clues
1 Find words using context
2 Determine the meaning of words using synonyms in context
3 Use context to identify the meaning of a word
4 Determine the meaning of domain-specific words with pictures
5 Use academic vocabulary in context

II. Reference skills
1 Order alphabetically based on the first two letters
2 Order alphabetically based on the first three letters
3 Order alphabetically: challenge
4 Use guide words
5 Use dictionary entries
6 Use dictionary definitions
7 Use thesaurus entries

Grammar and mechanics
JJ. Sentences, fragments, and run-ons
1 Is the sentence declarative, interrogative, imperative, or exclamatory?
2 Identify the complete subject or complete predicate of a sentence
3 Identify the simple subject or predicate of a sentence
4 Is it a complete sentence or a fragment?
5 Is it a complete sentence or a run-on?
6 Is it a complete sentence, a fragment, or a run-on?
7 Identify dependent and independent clauses
8 Is the sentence simple or compound?
9 Is the sentence simple, compound, or complex?
10 Create compound sentences
11 Order the words to create a sentence

KK. Nouns
1 Identify nouns – with abstract nouns
2 Identify common and proper nouns
3 Form plurals of nouns ending in f, fe, o, and y
4 Form and use plurals of nouns ending in f, fe, o, and y
5 Form plurals: review
6 Form and use plurals: review
7 Identify plurals, singular possessives, and plural possessives
8 Form the singular or plural possessive
9 Identify and correct errors with plural and possessive nouns

LL. Pronouns
1 Identify personal pronouns
2 Choose between subject and object personal pronouns
3 Replace the noun with a personal pronoun
4 Compound subjects and objects with "I" and "me"
5 Compound subjects and objects with personal pronouns
6 Use possessive pronouns
7 Choose between personal and reflexive pronouns
8 Use reflexive pronouns
9 Identify relative pronouns
10 Use relative pronouns: who and whom
11 Use relative pronouns: who, whom, whose, which, and that 

MM. Verb types
1 Identify main verbs and helping verbs
2 What does the modal verb show?
3 Use the correct modal verb

NN. Subject-verb agreement
1 Use the correct subject or verb
2 Use the correct subject or verb – with compound subjects

OO. Verb tense
1 Is the sentence in the past, present, or future tense?
2 Form and use the regular past tense
3 Form and use the irregular past tense
4 Form and use the simple past, present, and future tense
5 Correct inappropriate shifts in verb tense
6 Use the progressive verb tenses
7 Form the progressive verb tenses
8 Choose between the past tense and past participle
9 Use the perfect verb tenses
10 Form the perfect verb tenses

PP. Adjectives and adverbs
1 Identify adjectives
2 Order adjectives
3 Identify adverbs
4 Use relative adverbs
5 Choose between adjectives and adverbs
6 Is the word an adjective or adverb?
7 Use adjectives to compare
8 Spell adjectives that compare
9 Use adjectives with more and most
10 Use adverbs to compare 

QQ. Prepositions
1 Identify prepositions
2 Identify prepositions and their objects
3 Identify prepositional phrases
4 Prepositions: review

RR. Conjunctions
1 Identify coordinating conjunctions
2 Identify subordinating conjunctions
3 Use the correct pair of correlative conjunctions
4 Fill in the missing correlative conjunction

SS. Contractions
1 Pronoun-verb contractions
2 Contractions with "not"

TT. Commas
1 Commas with a series
2 Commas with dates and places
3 Commas with direct addresses
4 Commas with introductory elements
5 Commas with compound and complex sentences
6 Commas: review

UU. Capitalization
1 Correct capitalization errors
2 Capitalizing titles

VV. Formatting
1 Formatting titles
2 Formatting and capitalizing titles
3 Formatting street addresses
4 Punctuating dialogue

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